Cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (TCH) are the two natural and chemical compounds contained in a marijuana plant. The plant has been known to be used illegal in the past but with the modern times legal use is increasing every day. This has made many consumers to become curious as to what the components entail and how they affect us. THC is the chief psychoactive component in Cannabis sativa plant which induces a high sensation when consumed while CBD does not have this effect. They are both available in form of oils, extracts, edibles, capsule and many more. Although they both interact with someone’s endocannabinoid system and have the same molecular structure, they both have varying effects.
CBD vs THC effects as per the psychoactive components
The two compounds have similar chemical structures but have different psychoactive effects. CBD has proven uses to treat insomnia, depression and anxiety while THC reacts with cannabinoid receptors (CB1) in the brain thus producing euphoria or a high sense. CBD normally binds with the cannabinoid receptors weakly and so it needs THC to bind first so that it can reduce some of the euphoric and sedative effects that come with the THC.
CBD vs THC effects: Medical use
Both CBD and THC have similar health benefits as they provide relief from varying and same medical problems. Most people prefer to use CBD since it does not dictate the high effects that THC does. CBD uses include to treat anxiety, seizures, pain, inflammatory bowels, depression, insomnia, migraine and nausea. On the other hand, THC is used to treat pain, glaucoma, nausea, anxiety, low appetite, muscle spasticity and insomnia.
CBD vs THC side effects
According to research, CBD is a well-tolerated compound as any side effects which occur are probably due to the interaction between another supplement or drug that a person may be taking. Some of the CBD side effects include changes in appetite, los of weight, diarrhoea, dizziness and fatigue. THC’s side effects are usually temporary and they are memory loss, anxiety, red eyes, dry mouth, an increase in heart rate, coordination issues and slow reaction to the surrounding. The side effects recorded are caused by the psychoactive properties of the compounds and none of them are fatal. However, unmoderated use of THC can lead to long-term psychiatric effects that are negative and so it is advised not to consume large quantities especially for young people.
CBD vs THC effects; Comparison
In most countries, THC is considered to be illegal while CBD is not. CBD helps people with psychosis, eases depression, reduces anxiety, decreases siezures and has a possibility of not showing on a drug test while THC can be detected in a drug test and has the ability to increase one’s appetite. Both CBD and THC are used as an anti-inflammatory, help with insomnia, migraines, pain, anxiety and nausea.
We can deduct that both THC and CBD have medicinal advantages and they are safe for use. However, they both have mild side effects meaning that you should first consult a qualified and experienced doctor before deciding to consume them.
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